Digital Signature Certificates
A Digital Signature Certificate is an electronic document which utilizes a digital signature to tie together an public key with a character — data, for example, the name of an individual or an association, their location, etc. The certificate can be utilized to verify that an public key has a place with the single person. Digital certificates are the digital equivalent (i.e. electronic format) of physical or paper certificates. Samples of physical certificates are driver’s licenses, travel papers or participation cards.
Digital Signature Certificates are supported by a trusted power engaged by law to issue them, known as the Certifying Authority or CA. The CA is in charge of verifying all applications for Digital Signature Certificates, and once fulfilled, produces a Digital Certificate by digitally marking the Public key of the single person alongside other data utilizing its own Private key.
Why Digital signature certificate:
A Digital Signature Certificate validates your character electronically. It additionally furnishes you with an abnormal state of security for your online transactions by guaranteeing supreme protection of the data traded utilizing a Digital Signature Certificate. You can use certificates to encrypt information such that only the intended recipient can read it. You can digitally sign information to assure the recipient that it has not been changed in transit, and also verify your identity as the sender of the message.
Types of Digital Signature Certificate:
In addition to four classes of certificates given below, the Certifying Authority may issue more classes of Public Key Certificates, but these must be explicitly defined including the purpose for which each class is used and the verification methods underlying the issuance of the certificate. The suggested four classes are the following:-
Class 0 Certificate:
This certificate shall be issued only for demonstration/ test purposes.
Class 1 Certificate:
Class 1 certificates shall be issued to individuals/private subscribers. These certificates will confirm that user’s name (or alias) and E-mail address form an unambiguous subject within the Certifying Authorities database. However, it is not allowed to sign any Statutory / Business Documents.
Class 2 Certificate:
Class 2 certificates will be issued for both business personnel and private individuals use. These certificates will confirm that the information in the application provided by the subscriber does not conflict with the information in well-recognized consumer databases.
Class 3 Certificate:
Class 3 certificate will be issued to individuals as well as organizations. As these are high assurance certificates, primarily intended for e-commerce applications, they shall be issued to individuals only on their personal (physical) appearance before the Certifying Authorities.
Advantage of Digital Signature Certificate:
By using digital signatures we are eliminating the possibility of committing fraud as the digital signature cannot be altered. Moreover the forging signature is impossible.
By having a digital signature we are in fact proving the document to be valid. We are assuring the recipient that the document is free from forgery or false information.
Using a digital signature satisfies some type of legal requirement for the document in question. A digital signature takes care of any formal legal aspect of executing the document.